The Municipality of Jasper is unique because of its location within a national park. Governance is shared between the Municipality of Jasper and the Parks Canada Agency. The Specialized Municipality of Jasper was formed by the Province of Alberta on July 20, 2001.
The Municipality of Jasper operates under an agreement with the Department of Canadian Heritage, giving it authorities over all municipal matters with the exception of land use planning, development, and environmental matters. The Municipality of Jasper assumed responsibility for specific jurisdictional matters from the Parks Canada Agency on April 1, 2002.
Jasper is represented by an elected Mayor and 6-member Council. The current Council and Mayor were elected to office in October 2017 for a four-year term.